World Migration Report 2011
The 2011 World Migration Report authored in Geneva had a number of interesting conclusions. After reading this extensive report Woburn Internation has summarised the key points of the report.
- Annual migration numbers continue to increase with 214 million migrants in 2009 up from 192
- International migration involves wider ethnic diversity and there has been a significant increase in the number of women migrating.
- There was a significant increase in temporary and circular migration.
- There has also been large shift from people living in urban areas to rural ones, with now just over half the global population living in urban areas. It is expected that this will rise to 70 percent by 2050.
- Emerging economies in Asia, Latin America and Africa highlight the need for effective migration management in these regions
- Aging workforces in the developed world are creating an increasing need for young migrant workers.
- Migration due to climate change will become continue to be a concern. In 2008, about 20 million people were displaced due to climate related disasters
- Countries need to make sure that they had the capacity to manage the effects of migration through the effective governance of migration. At present many governments do not have a comprehensive approach to migration anddo not manage migration effectively. There are also calls for cross-national research in to current capacity building requirements
- It is anticipated that there will be a accentuation in the mismatch between labour supply and demand, placing pressure on destination
- Return Migration was lower than expected despite measures put in place by governments to encourage migrants to return.
- Unemployment rates were higher among migrants than native populations.
- Global remittances declined, but at different rates globally.